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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Urinary prostaglandin D synthase (beta-trace) excretion increases in the early stage of diabetes mellitus.

OBJECTIVE: Circulating levels of lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS)/beta-trace reportedly increase in renal failure as well as in cardiovascular injuries. We investigated the alterations of L-PGDS in urine and plasma in the early stage of type-2 diabetic patients. METHOD: Thirty-six type-2 diabetic patients and 29 normal subjects were studied. Overnight spot urine and plasma samples were obtained in the morning. L-PGDS was measured by ELISA method using anti-L-PGDS antibody. Variables indicating renal function were determined. RESULTS: Plasma L-PGDS concentration was slightly higher in the patients with diabetes mellitus than in the control subjects, whereas the urinary L-PGDS excretion almost doubled in the diabetic patients as compared with that in the control subjects. Plasma L-PGDS was determined by plasma creatinine (Cr) concentration while urinary L-PGDS excretion was correlated solely with urinary protein excretion. There was no relationship between plasma L-PGDS concentration and urinary L-PGDS excretion. The averaged plasma concentration of L-PGDS in the diabetics with a normal Cr level in plasma, corresponding to that in the controls, was determined by the plasma Cr concentration. On the other hand, the urinary L-PGDS excretion was determined by the amount of proteinuria and greater in the diabetics with a normal Cr level in plasma than in the controls even when the patients exhibited urinary protein excretion equal to that in the control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Urinary L-PGDS excretion increased in the early stage of kidney injury in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. The urinary excretion was correlated independently with urinary protein excretion even when there was no difference in urinary protein or albumin excretions, thereby suggesting that urinary L-PGDS excretion is possibly a more sensitive indicator of renal injuries than proteinuria. Urinary L-PGDS may thus predict the progression of renal injuries in diabetic patients.[1]


  1. Urinary prostaglandin D synthase (beta-trace) excretion increases in the early stage of diabetes mellitus. Hirawa, N., Uehara, Y., Ikeda, T., Gomi, T., Hamano, K., Totsuka, Y., Yamakado, M., Takagi, M., Eguchi, N., Oda, H., Seiki, K., Nakajima, H., Urade, Y. Nephron (2001) [Pubmed]
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