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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Amine oxidase, spermine, and hyperthermia induce cytotoxicity in P-glycoprotein overexpressing multidrug resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells.

Multidrug resistance is a major obstacle for the successful use of chemotherapy. The multidrug resistance phenotype is often attributed to overexpression of P-glycoprotein, which is an energy-dependent drug efflux pump. We investigated a new strategy to overcome multidrug resistance, using purified bovine serum amine oxidase, which generates two major toxic products from the polyamine spermine. The cytotoxicity of the aldehyde(s) and H2O2, produced by the enzymatic oxidation of micromolar concentrations of spermine, was evaluated in multidrug resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells CHRC5 with overexpression of P-glycoprotein, using a clonogenic cell survival assay. We examined the ability of hyperthermia (42 degrees C), and inhibition of cellular detoxification systems, to sensitize multidrug resistant cells to spermine oxidation products. Severe depletion of intracellular glutathione was achieved using L-buthionine sulfoximine and inhibition of glutathione S-transferase by ethacrynic acid. CH(R)C5 cells showed no resistance to the toxic oxidation products of spermine, relative to drug-sensitive AuxB1 cells. Exogenous catalase protected cells against cytotoxicity of H2O2, but spermine-derived aldehyde(s) still caused some cytotoxicity. Hyperthermia (42 degrees C) enhanced cytotoxicity of spermine oxidation products. Cytotoxic responses in CH(R)C5 cells were compared to the drug-sensitive cells, to determine whether there are differential responses. CH(R)C5 cells were more sensitive to the cytotoxic effect of spermine oxidation products under more extreme conditions (higher temperature, higher spermine concentration, and longer exposure time). Glutathione depletion or glutathione S-transferase inhibition also led to enhanced cytotoxicity of spermine oxidation products in CH(R)C5 and AuxB1 cells. Our findings suggest that hyperthermia, combined with toxic oxidation products generated from spermine and amine oxidase, could be useful for eliminating drug-sensitive and multidrug resistant cells.[1]


  1. Amine oxidase, spermine, and hyperthermia induce cytotoxicity in P-glycoprotein overexpressing multidrug resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells. Lord-Fontaine, S., Agostinelli, E., Przybytkowski, E., Averill-Bates, D.A. Biochem. Cell Biol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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