The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vitro activity of MEKK2 and MEKK3 in detergents is a function of a valine to serine difference in the catalytic domain.

MEKK2 and MEKK3 are mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinases (MAP3 kinases) of 70 and 71 kDa respectively that are markedly homologous (94%) in their kinase domains. Both MEKK2 and MEKK3 are able to activate the Jun kinase pathway in vivo. However, following routine immunoprecipitation in Triton X-100, MEKK2 but not MEKK3 is able to effectively phosphorylate both SEK-1 and MEK-1 and to undergo autophosphorylation. Unexpectedly, both MEKK2 and MEKK3 are functional in an in vitro kinase assay when cells are solubilized with the closely related detergent, NP-40. Given the high homology between these kinases, we set out to relate this differential sensitivity to Triton X-100 to differences in primary structure. A set of chimeric molecules were generated and the loss of activity in Triton X-100 mapped to kinase domain II/III and specifically to serine 390 of MEKK3 and valine 384 of MEKK2, residues immediately N-terminal to the active site lysine. Mutation of serine 390 of MEKK3 to a valine (as is found in MEKK2) conferred catalytic activity to MEKK3 in Triton X-100 whereas the reciprocal alteration of valine 384 of MEKK2 to a serine conferred lack of activity in Triton X-100 to MEKK2. Search of the protein database identified only three kinases, MEKK3, Pbs2p and Dd-PKI, with a serine or threonine at this site. The presence of a serine or threonine adjacent to the active site lysine in protein kinases is rare and, in MEKK3, results in detergent instability.[1]


  1. In vitro activity of MEKK2 and MEKK3 in detergents is a function of a valine to serine difference in the catalytic domain. Widmann, C., Sather, S., Oyer, R., Johnson, G.L., Dreskin, S.C. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities