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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel cytochrome P450 enzyme responsible for the metabolism of ebastine in monkey small intestine.

Small intestinal microsomes of cynomolgus monkeys were found to catalyze hydroxylation and dealkylation of an H(1)-antihistamine prodrug, ebastine. To identify the main enzyme responsible for ebastine hydroxylation, which has been hitherto unknown, we purified two cytochrome P450 isoforms, named P450 MI-2 and P450 MI-3, from the intestinal microsomes on the basis of the hydroxylation activity. P450 MI-2 and P450 MI-3 showed the respective apparent molecular weights of 56,000 and 53,000 on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The internal amino acid sequence of P450 MI-2 had high similarity with those of human CYP4F2, CYP4F3, and CYP4F8. The first 27 amino acid residues of P450 MI-3 were highly homologous with those of monkey CYP3A8 and human CYP3A4/5/7. Furthermore, P450 MI-2 and P450 MI-3 were recognized by anti-CYP4F and anti-CYP3A antibodies, respectively, in immunoblot analysis and catalyzed leukotriene B(4) omega-hydroxylation and testosterone 6beta-hydroxylation, which are known to be mediated by CYP4F and CYP3A, respectively. Although both enzymes had ebastine hydroxylation activity, the V(max) value of P450 MI-2 was much higher than that of P450 MI-3 (37.0 versus 0.406 nmol/min/nmol of P450), and the former K(M) (5.1 microM) was smaller than the latter K(M) (10 microM). Anti-CYP4F antibody inhibited the hydroxylation in small intestinal microsomes strongly (70%), but anti-CYP3A antibody did not. These results indicate that P450 MI-2 belongs to the CYP4F subfamily and is mainly responsible for hydroxylation of ebastine in monkey small intestinal microsomes. This suggests that the small intestinal CYP4F enzyme, P450 MI-2, can play an important role in the metabolism of drugs given orally.[1]


  1. A novel cytochrome P450 enzyme responsible for the metabolism of ebastine in monkey small intestine. Hashizume, T., Mise, M., Matsumoto, S., Terauchi, Y., Fujii, T., Imaoka, S., Funae, Y., Kamataki, T., Miyazaki, H. Drug Metab. Dispos. (2001) [Pubmed]
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