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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunohistochemical expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in skin cancers.

BACKGROUND: Cyclooxygenase (COX), also known as prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase, catalyses the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostanoids. There are two different isoforms of COX, referred to as COX-1 and COX-2. Overexpression of COX-2 has been demonstrated in various neoplasms, such as experimentally promoted tumors, gastrointestinal cancers and breast tumors. METHODS: In this study, we used immunohistochemistry to investigate COX-2 expression in a series of basal cell epitheliomas (BCE), Bowen's disease, squamous cell carcinomas ( SCC) and metastatic tumors of the skin. RESULTS: Four of 16 BCE showed a positive reaction for COX-2 and the adenoid type of BCE was the most strongly positive. In Bowen's disease, the extent of positive staining for COX-2 was even higher than that in BCE. Eleven of 15 SCC showed a positive reaction for COX-2 and the pattern of staining was heterogeneous with more intense staining in the center of the tumor nests. In metastatic tumors, the percentage of COX-2-positive tumor cells and the intensity of their staining was low compared with Bowen's disease and SCC. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that the intensity of COX-2 staining and its heterogeneous distribution are related to the degree of cellular differentiation and the various phenotypes of tumor cells, but the extent of COX-2 staining did not correlate with the degree of malignancy.[1]


  1. Immunohistochemical expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in skin cancers. Kagoura, M., Toyoda, M., Matsui, C., Morohashi, M. J. Cutan. Pathol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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