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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lymphocyte dysmetabolism: an immunocytochemical comparative approach in IDDM and control subjects.

We have investigated by immuno-electron microscopy the presence of phosphotyrosine in cells as a whole and in different cell districts (nucleus, cytoplasm, plasma membrane, and mitochondria) in peripheral blood lymphocytes of IDDM (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus) patients and age-matched controls. Immuno-gold particle density was highest in mitochondria and decreased in cytoplasm, nucleus and plasma membrane. The time dependence of phosphotyrosine labelling after cell isolation was very strong in all subcellular populations, with a fall in immunogold staining after 30 min. Staining levels at zero time were similar in controls and IDDM patients; the loss of phosphotyrosine labelling was much stronger in controls, except in the plasma membrane. Plasma membrane NADH oxidoreductase activity, studied using cytosolic NADH as substrate and assayed with DCIP as acceptor, was significantly increased in IDDM patients, suggesting a response to a deficient mitochondrial energetic activity. The fact that NADH oxidoreductase is a growth factor related to tyrosine phosphorylation pathways raises intriguing questions on the cellular derangement occurring in peripheral lymphocytes in IDDM, although the relationships among the immunocytochemical and biochemical changes is still obscure.[1]


  1. Lymphocyte dysmetabolism: an immunocytochemical comparative approach in IDDM and control subjects. Pugnaloni, A., Sgarbi, G., Tesei, M., D'Aurelio, M., Ragni, L., Parenti Castelli, G., Salardi, S., Zucchini, S., Bovina, C., Cacciari, E., Lenaz, G., Biagini, G. European journal of histochemistry : EJH. (2001) [Pubmed]
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