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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Synthesis and evaluation of hydroxylated polyamine analogues as antiproliferatives.

A new means of accessing N(1)-cyclopropylmethyl-N(11)-ethylnorspermine (CPMENSPM) and the first synthesis of (2R,10S)-N(1)-cyclopropylmethyl-2,10-dihydroxy-N(11)-ethylnorspermine [(2R,10S)-(HO)(2)CPMENSPM] are described. Both of these polyamine analogues are shown to be more active against L1210 murine leukemia cell growth than either N(1),N(11)-diethylnorspermine (DENSPM) or (2R,10R)-N(1),N(11)-diethyl-2,10-dihydroxynorspermine [(2R,10R)-(HO)(2)DENSPM] after 96 h of treatment; the activity was comparable to that of (2S,10S)-N(1),N(11)-diethyl-2,10-dihydroxynorspermine [(2S,10S)-(HO)(2)DENSPM] at 96 h. Both cyclopropyl compounds reduced putrescine and spermidine pools, but less effectively than did DENSPM and its derivatives. Only CPMENSPM, and not (2R,10S)-(HO)(2)CPMENSPM, lowered spermine pools. As with DENSPM and (2R,10R)-(HO)(2)DENSPM, both cyclopropyl analogues diminished ornithine decarboxylase and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase activity. Unlike the hydroxylated DENSPM compounds, both cyclopropyl norspermines substantially upregulated spermidine/spermine N(1)-acetyltransferase. The most interesting effect of hydroxylating CPMENSPM is the profound reduction in toxicity compared with that of the parent drug. The same phenomenon had been observed for the DENSPM/(2R,10R)-(HO)(2)DENSPM pair. Thus, hydroxylation of norspermine analogues appears to be a way to maintain the compounds' antiproliferative activity while reducing their toxicity.[1]


  1. Synthesis and evaluation of hydroxylated polyamine analogues as antiproliferatives. Bergeron, R.J., Müller, R., Huang, G., McManis, J.S., Algee, S.E., Yao, H., Weimar, W.R., Wiegand, J. J. Med. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
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