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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Brain proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in children exposed to methamphetamine in utero.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the possible neurotoxic effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure on the developing brain using 1H-MRS. METHODS: Methamphetamine-exposed children (n = 12) and age-matched unexposed control subjects (n = 14) were evaluated with MRI, localized 1H-MRS, and a Child Behavior Checklist. Metabolite concentrations of N-acetyl-containing compounds (NA), total creatine (Cr), choline-containing compounds, myoinositol, and glutamate + glutamine were measured in the frontal white matter and striatum. RESULTS: Despite an absence of visible structural abnormalities in either group, children exposed to methamphetamine in utero had higher [Cr] (+10%, p = 0.02) in the striatum. [NA], primarily a measure of N-acetylaspartate, was normal in both regions, which suggests no significant neuronal loss or damage in the two brain regions examined. There were no differences in reported behavior problems among the methamphetamine-exposed children relative to the unexposed group. CONCLUSIONS: The authors found increased [Cr] in the striatum with relatively normal [NA] in children exposed to methamphetamine. These findings suggest an abnormality in energy metabolism in the brains of children exposed to methamphetamine in utero.[1]


  1. Brain proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in children exposed to methamphetamine in utero. Smith, L.M., Chang, L., Yonekura, M.L., Grob, C., Osborn, D., Ernst, T. Neurology (2001) [Pubmed]
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