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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Serum concentration and circadian profiles of cathepsins B, H and L, and their inhibitors, stefins A and B, in asthma.

BACKGROUND: In order to determine the effect of asthma on serum concentrations of cathepsins B, H and L, and stefins A and B, the circadian and concentration profiles were followed in steroid-independent and steroid-dependent asthmatics before and after 1-week treatment with methylprednisolone and cyclosporin A. METHODS: Serum samples were taken at 4-h intervals throughout a 24-h period. Cathepsin and stefin concentrations were assayed using specific ELISAs. Data were analysed by one-way ANOVA and least squares fit of 24-h cosine. RESULTS: Temporal analysis of these proteins revealed little or no significant changes with time over a 24-h period. In comparison to normal sera, cathepsin H concentrations were elevated in all asthmatic patients, concentrations of both stefins were decreased in steroid-independent asthmatics, and stefin A concentrations were increased in steroid-dependent asthmatics before therapy. The effect of methylprednisolone treatment was demonstrated on decreased cathepsin B and increased cathepsin L concentrations in post-therapy serum samples. On the other hand, cyclosporin A treatment led to increased concentrations of cathepsins H and L. However, concentrations of stefins A and B were unaffected. CONCLUSIONS: This study associated alterations in balance of serum cysteine proteinases and their inhibitors in asthmatic patients, which has raised the possibility of their involvement in asthma pathogenesis. Validated rhythms of cathepsins and stefins in asthmatic sera exhibited temporal differences, which are too small to influence the time of sampling for their quantitative measurement over the course of a day.[1]


  1. Serum concentration and circadian profiles of cathepsins B, H and L, and their inhibitors, stefins A and B, in asthma. Cimerman, N., Mesko Brguljan, P., Krasovec, M., Suskovic, S., Kos, J. Clin. Chim. Acta (2001) [Pubmed]
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