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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The oxygenated complexes of the two catalytically active oxidation-reduction states of L-tryptophan-2,3-dioxygenase.

The oxygenated complexes of the two catalytically active forms of pseudomonad and rat liver L-tryptophan-2,3-dioxygenase (EC have been studied. As was previously reported (ISHIMURA, Y., NORZAKI, M., HAYAISHI, O., TAMURA, M., AND YAMAZAK-I I. (1970) J. Biol. Chem. 245, 3593-3602), we observe that the fully reduced form of pseudomonad tryptophan oxygenase during steady state catalysis exists predominantly as the L-tryptophan ferroheme-O2 enzyme complex (lambdamax = 415 nm, 540 nm, 570 nm). However, during steady state catalysis by a half-reduced form of both the pseudomonad and hepatic enzymes, the predominant species present manifest absorption spectra indicative of ternary complexes in which all the heme exists as ferriheme (Soret, 407 nm), there being no trace of a ferroheme-O2 complex. Carbon monoxide is a competitive inhibitor with respect to molecular oxygen of catalysis by either the half-reduced or fully reduced forms of pseudomonad tryptophan oxygenase. During steady state catalysis in the presence of CO, the fully reduced form of the enzyme exists as a mixture of the oxyferroheme (Soret = 415 nm) and carboxyferroheme (Soret = 421 nm) enzyme complexes. However, if the same experiment is repeated with the half-reduced form of the pseudomonad enzyme, all of the enzyme is in the ferriheme state, even though CO is inhibiting this form of the enzyme to the same degree as it does the fully reduced form. We conclude that for the half-reduced form of pseudomonad tryptophan oxygenase the substrate, O2, and the inhibitor, CO, are not binding to the heme moieties, but are bound elsewhere, presumably to the Cu(I) moieties. Examination of the kinetic mechanisms of the half-reduced and fully reduced forms of pseudomonad tryptophan oxygenase using the inhibitors carbon monoxide and 5-fluorotryptophan confirmed that the fully reduced enzyme binds L-tryptophan before O2 (FORMAN, H., AND FEIGELSON, P. (1971) Biochemistry 10, 760-763) and that for the half-reduced enzyme O2 binds first. In the presence of 5-fluorotryptophan a relatively stable oxyferroheme enzyme complex was generated with the fully reduced form of pseudomonad tryptophan oxygenase. Thus, saturation of the catalytic site alone either with the substrate, L-tryptophan, or the competitive inhibitor, 5-fluorotryptophan, enhances binding of O2 to the ferroheme moieties of the enzyme. The resistance of this complex to photolysis indicates that the bound molecular oxygen is predominantly present as superoxide, O2-minus.[1]


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