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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional cloning, based on azole resistance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and characterization of Rhizopus nigricans redox carriers that are differentially involved in the P450-dependent response to progesterone stress.

The filamentous fungus Rhizopus nigricans responds to treatment with progesterone by inducing P450-associated redox carriers. Selection for azole resistance following expression of a cDNA library constructed with RNA from progesterone-treated R. nigricans in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae led to the identification of CPR1-FL and CYB5-1 cDNAs, which code for functionally competent NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase and cytochrome b5, respectively. The central region (CPR2-CS) of an additional reductase gene sharing 66% identity with CPR1-FL was cloned from progesterone-induced mRNA by RT-PCR, using primers based on consensus sequences. Northern analysis of the 2.1-kb transcripts revealed that, of the two cloned reductase genes, only CPR1-FL mRNA was strongly induced by progesterone; transcription of CYBS-1 and CPR2-CS mRNAs was not significantly affected. Analysis of the subcellular localization and function of the R. nigricans reductase in yeast indicated that the CPR1-FL cDNA and a derivative (CPR1-S) truncated at the first ATG codon gave rise to functionally equivalent products that were found in both cytosolic and microsomal fractions. In contrast, addition of an in-frame initiation codon at the 5' end of the CPR1-FL sequence resulted in localization of the activity mainly to the microsomes, and improved ketoconazole resistance but decreased NADPH-cytochrome c reductase activity in the host strain. These findings suggest that, of the three genes for P450-associated redox carriers investigated, only CPR1-FL is associated with the progesterone response and that its major transcript encodes a reductase that shows an unusual pattern of subcellular localization.[1]


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