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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A study of the expression of the xenobiotic-metabolising cytochrome P450 proteins and of testosterone metabolism in bovine liver.

The expression of xenobiotic-metabolising cytochrome P450 proteins in the liver of cattle was determined using substrate probes and immunologically by Western blot analysis. Compared to the rat, cattle displayed much higher coumarin 7-hydroxylase ( CYP2A) and ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase ( CYP1) activity but, in contrast, it exhibited much lower debrisoquine 4-hydroxylase (CYP2D) and lauric acid hydroxylase activities (CYP4A). The ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase activity was markedly inhibited by furafylline and a-naphthoflavone, and coumarin 7-hydroxylase by 8-methoxypsoralen. Immunoblot analysis employing antibodies to rat CYP1A1 recognised two immunorelated proteins in bovine liver whose expression appeared to be higher compared with rat. Kinetic studies indicated that a single enzyme is likely to be responsible for the O-deethylation of 7-ethoxyresorufin in bovine liver. When bovine microsomes were probed with antibodies to rat CYP2A2, a single protein was detected in cattle liver. Kinetic analysis followed by construction of Eadie-Hofstee plots indicated that more than one enzyme contributes to the 7-hydroxylation of coumarin. Immunoblot analysis employing antibodies to human CYP2D6 and rat CYP4A1 revealed in both cases a single, poorly expressed immunoreacting band in bovine microsomes. Similar immunoblot studies detected proteins in cattle liver immunorelated to the CYP2B, CYP2C, CYP2E, and CYP3A subfamilies. Bovine microsomes metabolised testosterone but, in contrast to the rat, failed to produce 2alpha- and 16alpha-hydroxytestosterone. On the other hand, bovine microsomes produced levels of another hydroxylated metabolite, possibly 12-hydroxytestosterone. In conclusion, results emanating from this study indicate the presence of proteins in the cattle liver belonging to all the xenobiotic-metabolising families of cytochrome P450.[1]


  1. A study of the expression of the xenobiotic-metabolising cytochrome P450 proteins and of testosterone metabolism in bovine liver. Sivapathasundaram, S., Magnisali, P., Coldham, N.G., Howells, L.C., Sauer, M.J., Ioannides, C. Biochem. Pharmacol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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