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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel transrepression pathway of c-Myc. Recruitment of a transcriptional corepressor complex to c-Myc by MM-1, a c-Myc-binding protein.

The protooncogene product c-Myc plays a role in transcription regulation both for activation and repression. While transactivation pathways of c-Myc either from the N-proximal or the C-proximal region that is linked to the chromatin remodeling complex have been identified, a transrepression pathway had been identified only from the C-proximal region via Max and Mad that recruit the histone deacetylase ( HDAC) complex. We have reported that a novel c-Myc-binding protein, MM-1, repressed the E-box-dependent transcription activity of c-Myc (Mori, K., Maeda, Y., Kitaura, H., Taira, T., Iguchi-Ariga, S. M. M., and Ariga, H. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 29794-29800). To clarify the molecular mechanisms of MM-1 toward c-Myc, cDNAs encoding MM-1-binding proteins were screened by the two-hybrid method with MM-1 as a bait using a human HeLa cDNA library, and a cDNA encoding TIF1 beta/ KAP1, a transcriptional corepressor, was obtained. MM-1 was found to bind to the central portion of TIF1 beta in vitro and in vivo, and these proteins were found to be colocalized in the nucleus. MM-1 and TIF1 beta complex in human HeLa cells was found to also contain c-Myc, mSin3, and HDAC1. Introduction of the C-terminal half of TIF1 beta as a dominant negative form abrogated the inhibitory activity of MM-1 toward c-Myc and greatly stimulated the transcription activity of c-Myc. Moreover, the inhibitory activity of MM-1 toward c-Myc was canceled by trichostatin A, an inhibitor of HDAC1. These results indicate that MM-1 is a connecting factor that forms a novel transcription repression pathway of c-Myc.[1]


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