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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

IL-13 induces eosinophil recruitment into the lung by an IL-5- and eotaxin-dependent mechanism.

BACKGROUND: IL-13 induces several characteristic features of asthma, including airway eosinophilia, airway hyperresponsiveness, and mucus overproduction; however, the mechanisms involved are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that IL-13- induced inflammatory changes in the lung were dependent in part on IL-5 and eotaxin, two eosinophil-selective cytokines. METHODS: Recombinant murine IL-13 was repeatedly administered to the lung by intranasal delivery until the characteristic features of asthma developed. To analyze the role of IL-5 and eotaxin, we subjected eotaxin gene-targeted, IL-5 gene-targeted, eotaxin/IL-5-double-deficient, IL-5 transgenic, and wild-type mice of the Balb/C background to the experimental regime. RESULTS: The induction of IL-13-mediated airway eosinophilia was found to occur independently of eosinophilia in the blood or bone marrow, indicating that IL-13-induced airway inflammation is primarily mediated by local effects of IL-13 in the lung. Eosinophil recruitment into both the lung tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was markedly attenuated in IL-5-deficient mice in comparison with wild-type controls. Accordingly, IL-13 delivery to IL-5 transgenic mice resulted in a large increase in airway eosinophils in comparison with wild-type mice. Interestingly, IL-13- induced eosinophilia in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of eotaxin-deficient mice was not impaired; however, these same mice failed to mount a significant tissue eosinophilia in response to IL-13. Finally, IL-13- induced mucus production was not affected by the presence of IL-5 or eotaxin, suggesting that IL-13-induced mucus secretion is mechanistically dissociated from airway eosinophilia. CONCLUSION: Selective components of the IL-13- induced asthma phenotype--airway eosinophilia but not mucus secretion--are differentially regulated by IL-5 and eotaxin. IL-5 is required for IL-13 to induce eosinophilia throughout the lung, whereas eotaxin regulates the distribution of airway eosinophils.[1]

References

  1. IL-13 induces eosinophil recruitment into the lung by an IL-5- and eotaxin-dependent mechanism. Pope, S.M., Brandt, E.B., Mishra, A., Hogan, S.P., Zimmermann, N., Matthaei, K.I., Foster, P.S., Rothenberg, M.E. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (2001) [Pubmed]
 
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