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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of apoptosis in melanoma cell lines by p53 and its related proteins.

Melanoma cells rarely contain mutant p53 and hardly undergo apoptosis by wild-type p53. By using recombinant adenoviruses that express p53 or p53-related p51A or p73beta, we tested their apoptotic activities in melanoma cells. Yeast functional assay revealed a mutation of p53 at the 258th codon ( AAA [K] instead of GAA [E]) in one cell line, 70W, out of six human melanoma cell lines analyzed (SK-mel-23, SK-mel-24, SK-mel-118, TXM18, 70W, and G361). Adenovirus-mediated transfer of p53, p51A, and/or p73beta suppressed growth and induced apoptotic DNA fragmentation of SK-mel-23, SK-mel-118, and 70W cells. Interestingly, p51A induced DNA fragmentation in them more significantly than p53 and p73beta. By Western blotting we analyzed levels of apoptosis-related proteins in cells expressing p53 family members. Apoptotic Bax and antiapoptotic Bcl-2 were not significantly upregulated or downregulated by expression of p53, p51A, or p73beta, except for p53-expressing 70W cells, which contained a larger amount of Bax protein than LacZ-expressing cells. Activation of caspase-3 was demonstrated only in p51A-expressing SK-mel-118 cells. We show here that p51A can mediate apoptosis in both wild-type and mutant p53-expressing melanoma cells more significantly than p53 and p73beta. It is also suggested that in melanoma cells (i) cellular target protein(s) other than Bcl-2 and Bax might be responsible for induction of p51A-mediated apoptosis and (ii) caspase-3 is not always involved in the apoptosis by p53 family members.[1]


  1. Induction of apoptosis in melanoma cell lines by p53 and its related proteins. Yamashita, T., Tokino, T., Tonoki, H., Moriuchi, T., Jin, H.Y., Omori, F., Jimbow, K. J. Invest. Dermatol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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