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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Peg3/Pw1 is involved in p53-mediated cell death pathway in brain ischemia/hypoxia.

Emerging evidence has shown that tumor suppressor p53 expression is enhanced in response to brain ischemia/hypoxia and that p53 plays a critical role in the cell death pathway in such an acute neurological insult. However the mechanism remains unclear. Recently it was reported that Peg3/Pw1, originally identified as a paternally expressed gene, plays a pivotal role in the p53-mediated cell death pathway in mouse fibroblast cell lines. In this study, we found that Peg3/Pw1 expression is enhanced in peri-ischemic neurons in rat stroke model by in situ hybridization analysis, where p53 expression was also induced by immunohistochemical analysis. Moreover, we found that p53 was co-localized with Peg3/Pw1 in brain ischemia/hypoxia by double staining analysis. In human neuroblastoma-derived SK-N-SH cells, Peg3/Pw1 mRNA expression is enhanced remarkably at 24 h post-hypoxia, when p53 protein expression was also enhanced at high levels. Subcellular localization of Peg3/Pw1 was observed in the nucleus. Adenovirus-mediated high dose p53 overexpression induced Peg3/Pw1 mRNA expression. Overexpression of Peg3/Pw1 reduced cell viability under hypoxic conditions, whereas that of the C-terminal-deleted mutant and anti-sense Peg3/Pw1 inhibited hypoxia-induced cell death. These results suggest that Peg3/Pw1 is involved in the p53-mediated cell death pathway as a downstream effector of p53 in brain ischemia/hypoxia.[1]


  1. Peg3/Pw1 is involved in p53-mediated cell death pathway in brain ischemia/hypoxia. Yamaguchi, A., Taniguchi, M., Hori, O., Ogawa, S., Tojo, N., Matsuoka, N., Miyake, S., Kasai, K., Sugimoto, H., Tamatani, M., Yamashita, T., Tohyama, M. J. Biol. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
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