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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases and CREB/ATF-1 mediate the expression of CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins beta and -delta in preadipocytes.

The essential role of CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins (C/EBPs) beta and delta for adipocyte differentiation has been clearly established. In preadipocytes, their expression is up-regulated by the activation of leukemia inhibitory factor receptor (LIF-R) and prostacyclin receptor (IP-R) via the extracellular signal-regulated kinase ( ERK) pathway and cAMP production, respectively. However, the molecular mechanisms by which LIF and prostacyclin- induced signals are propagated to the nucleus and the transcription factors mediating ERK and cAMP-induced C/EBP gene expression were unknown. Here we report that both pathways share cAMP responsive element binding protein/activation transcription factor 1 (CREB/ATF-1) as common downstream effectors. LIF-R and IP-R activation induced binding of CREB and/or ATF-1 to C/EBP promoters and CREB-dependent transcription. Expression of dominant negative forms of CREB dramatically reduced the LIF- and prostacyclin-stimulated C/EBP beta and C/EBP delta expression. Upon stimulation of the IP-R, the ERK pathway was activated in a PKA-dependent manner. ERK activation by the PKA pathway was not required for CREB/ATF-1 phosphorylation but rather was necessary for CREB-dependent up-regulation of C/EBPs expression. Our findings suggest that ERK activation is required for CREB transcriptional activity, possibly by recruitment of a coactivator.[1]

References

  1. Activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases and CREB/ATF-1 mediate the expression of CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins beta and -delta in preadipocytes. Belmonte, N., Phillips, B.W., Massiera, F., Villageois, P., Wdziekonski, B., Saint-Marc, P., Nichols, J., Aubert, J., Saeki, K., Yuo, A., Narumiya, S., Ailhaud, G., Dani, C. Mol. Endocrinol. (2001) [Pubmed]
 
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