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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vivo release of prolactin-releasing peptide in rat hypothalamus in association with luteinizing hormone and prolactin surges.

Prolactin (PRL)- releasing peptide (PrRP) is a novel hypothalamic peptide reported to be a potent and specific stimulator of PRL secretion. This author recently reported that PrRP might play a significant role in mediating the steroid- induced PRL surge in the rat. In order to examine the secretory profile of PrRP in the rat hypothalamus before and during the luteinizing hormone (LH) and PRL surges, this study employed the push-pull perfusion technique and determined the in vivo release of PrRP and also of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in ovariectomized rats primed with estradiol and progesterone. In the medial preoptic area (MPOA) where the GnRH neuronal perikarya exist, GnRH release was increased prior to the initiation of the LH surge, and PrRP also started rising even earlier than GnRH. In the median eminence-arcuate nucleus complex (ME-ARC), where GnRH neuronal fibers terminate, GnRH secretion started increasing before the commencement of the LH surge, but the release of PrRP did not change significantly. These results suggest that PrRP may play a role in mediating the steroid- induced LH surge by activating GnRH neurons in the MPOA. A possible involvement of PrRP in the PRL surge was not suggested from the present data. The lack of a significant alteration in PrRP release in the ME-ARC may argue against a direct hypophysiotropic action of the peptide.[1]


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