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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of parecoxib, a parenteral COX-2-specific inhibitor, on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of propofol.

BACKGROUND: Parecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2-specific inhibitor with intended perioperative analgesic and antiinflammatory use, is a parenterally administered inactive prodrug undergoing rapid hydrolysis in vivo to the active cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor valdecoxib. Both parecoxib and valdecoxib inhibit human cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) activity in vitro. Thus, a potential exists for in vivo interactions with other CYP2C9 substrates, including propofol. This investigation determined the influence of parecoxib on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of bolus dose propofol in human volunteers. METHODS: This was a randomized, balanced crossover, placebo-controlled, double-blind, clinical investigation. Twelve healthy 21- to 37-yr-old subjects were studied after providing institutional review board-approved written informed consent. Each subject received a 2-mg/kg intravenous propofol bolus 1 h after placebo (control) or 40 mg intravenous parecoxib on two occasions. Venous concentrations of propofol, parecoxib, and parecoxib metabolites were determined by mass spectrometry. Pharmacokinetic parameters were determined by noncompartmental analysis. Pharmacodynamic measurements included clinical endpoints, cognitive function (memory, Digit-Symbol Substitution Tests), subjective self-assessment of recovery (Visual Analog Scale) performed at baseline, 15, 30, 60 min after propofol, and sedation depth measured by Bispectral Index. RESULTS: Propofol plasma concentrations were similar between placebo- and parecoxib-treated subjects. No significant differences were found in pharmacokinetic parameters (Cmax, clearance, elimination half-life, volume of distribution) or pharmacodynamic parameters (clinical endpoints [times to: loss of consciousness, apnea, return of response to voice], Bispectral Index scores, Digit-Symbol Substitution Test scores, memory, Visual Analog Scale scores, propofol EC(50)). CONCLUSIONS: Single-bolus parecoxib, in doses to be used perioperatively, does not alter the disposition or the magnitude or time course of clinical effects of bolus propofol. Effects on a propofol infusion were not evaluated.[1]


  1. Effects of parecoxib, a parenteral COX-2-specific inhibitor, on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of propofol. Ibrahim, A., Park, S., Feldman, J., Karim, A., Kharasch, E.D. Anesthesiology (2002) [Pubmed]
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