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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Amperometric TNT biosensor based on the oriented immobilization of a nitroreductase maltose binding protein fusion.

The preparation and characterization of an amperometric 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) biosensor based on the surface immobilization of a maltose binding protein (MBP) nitroreductase (NR) fusion (MBP-NR) onto an electrode modified with an electropolymerized film of N-(3-pyrrol-1-ylpropyl)-4,4'-bipyridine ( PPB) are described. The MBP domain of MBP-NR exhibits a high and specific affinity toward electropolymerized films of PPB with the immobilized enzyme retaining virtually all of its enzymatic activity. Under similar conditions, the wild-type NR enzyme (i.e., without the MBP domain) loses most of its enzymatic activity. The kinetics of the catalytic reaction between the biosensor and TNT and 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT) were characterized using rotated disk electrode and cyclic voltammetry techniques, and values of 1.4 x 10(4) and 7.1 x 10(4) M(-1) s(-1) were obtained for TNT and DNT, respectively. The apparent Michaelis-Menten constants (KM) for MBP-NR in solution and on the surface, using TNT as substrate, were determined to be 27 and 95 microM, respectively. The corresponding value for "wild-type" NR in solution containing TNT was 78 microM, which is very close to the value obtained for MBP-NR on the surface. The limits of detection for both TNT and DNT were estimated to be 2 microM, and the sensitivities were determined to be 205 and 222 nA/microM, respectively.[1]

References

  1. Amperometric TNT biosensor based on the oriented immobilization of a nitroreductase maltose binding protein fusion. Naal, Z., Park, J.H., Bernhard, S., Shapleigh, J.P., Batt, C.A., Abruña, H.D. Anal. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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