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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A cross-linked profilin-actin heterodimer interferes with elongation at the fast-growing end of F-actin.

Profilin and beta/gamma-actin from calf thymus were covalently linked using the zero-length cross-linker 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide in combination with N-hydroxysuccinimide, yielding a single product with an apparent molecular mass of 60 kDa. Sequence analysis and x-ray crystallographic investigations showed that the cross-linked residues were glutamic acid 82 of profilin and lysine 113 of actin. The cross-linked complex was shown to bind with high affinity to deoxyribonuclease I and poly(l-proline). It also bound and exchanged ATP with kinetics close to that of unmodified profilin-actin and inhibited the intrinsic ATPase activity of actin. This inhibition occurred even in conditions where actin normally forms filaments. By these criteria the cross-linked profilin-actin complex retains the characteristics of unmodified profilin-actin. However, the cross-linked complex did not form filaments nor copolymerized with unmodified actin, but did interfere with elongation of actin filaments in a concentration-dependent manner. These results support a polymerization mechanism where the profilin-actin heterodimer binds to the (+)-end of actin filaments, followed by dissociation of profilin, and ATP hydrolysis and P(i) release from the actin subunit as it assumes its stable conformation in the helical filament.[1]


  1. A cross-linked profilin-actin heterodimer interferes with elongation at the fast-growing end of F-actin. Nyman, T., Page, R., Schutt, C.E., Karlsson, R., Lindberg, U. J. Biol. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
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