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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enzymatic properties of S-adenosylmethionine synthetase from the archaeon Methanococcus jannaschii.

S-Adenosylmethionine synthetase (ATP:l-methionine S-adenosyltransferase, MAT) catalyzes a unique enzymatic reaction that leads to formation of the primary biological alkylating agent. MAT from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Methanococcus jannaschii (MjMAT) is a prototype of the newly discovered archaeal class of MAT proteins that are nearly unrecognizable in sequence when compared with the class that encompasses both the eucaryal and bacterial enzymes. In this study the functional properties of purified recombinant MjMAT have been evaluated. The products of the reaction are AdoMet, PP(i), and P(i); >90% of the P(i) originates from the gamma-phosphoryl group of ATP. The circular dichroism spectrum of the dimeric MjMAT indicates that the secondary structure is more helical than the Escherichia coli counterpart (EcMAT), suggesting a different protein topology. The steady state kinetic mechanism is sequential, with random addition of ATP and methionine; AdoMet is the first product released, followed by release of PP(i) and P(i). The substrate specificity differs remarkably from the previously characterized MATs; the nucleotide binding site has a very broad tolerance of alterations in the adenosine moiety. MjMAT has activity at 70 degrees C comparable with that of EcMAT at 37 degrees C, consistent with the higher temperature habitat of M. jannaschii. The activation energy for AdoMet formation is larger than that for the E. coli MAT-catalyzed reaction, in accord with the notion that enzymes from thermophilic organisms are often more rigid than their mesophilic counterparts. The broad substrate tolerance of this enzyme proffers routes to preparation of novel AdoMet analogs.[1]


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