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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Two flavonoid glucosyltransferases from Petunia hybrida: molecular cloning, biochemical properties and developmentally regulated expression.

Two flavonoid glucosyltransferases, UDP-glucose:flavonoid 3-0-glucosyltransferase (3-GT) and UDP-glucose: anthocyanin 5-O-glucosyltransferase (5-GT), are responsible for the glucosylation of anthocyani(di)ns to produce stable molecules in the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway. The cDNAs encoding 3-GT and 5-GT were isolated from Petunia hybrida by hybridization screening with heterologous probes. The cDNA clones of 3-GT, PGT8, and 5-GT, PH1, encode putative polypeptides of 448 and 468 amino acids, respectively. A phylogenetic tree based on amino acid sequences of the family of glycosyltransferases from various plants shows that PGT8 belongs to the 3-GT subfamily and PH1 belongs to the 5-GT subfamily. The function of isolated cDNAs was identified by the catalytic activities for 3-GT and 5-GT exhibited by the recombinant proteins produced in yeast. The recombinant PGT8 protein could convert not only anthocyanidins but also flavonols into the corresponding 3-O-glucosides. In contrast, the recombinant PH1 protein exhibited a strict substrate specificity towards anthocyanidin 3-acylrutinoside, comparing with other 5-GTs from Perilla frutescens and Verbena hybrida, which showed broad substrate specificities towards several anthocyanidin 3-glucosides. The mRNA expression of both 3-GT and 5-GT increased in the early developmental stages of P. hybrida flower, reaching the maximum at the stage before flower opening. Southern blotting analysis of genomic DNA indicates that both 3-GT and 5-GT genes exist in two copies in P. hybrida, respectively. The results are discussed in relation to the molecular evolution of flavonoid glycosyltransferases.[1]


  1. Two flavonoid glucosyltransferases from Petunia hybrida: molecular cloning, biochemical properties and developmentally regulated expression. Yamazaki, M., Yamagishi, E., Gong, Z., Fukuchi-Mizutani, M., Fukui, Y., Tanaka, Y., Kusumi, T., Yamaguchi, M., Saito, K. Plant Mol. Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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