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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lipomatous mixed tumour of the skin: a histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study.

BACKGROUND: Mixed tumours are composed of an admixture of an epithelial/myoepithelial and usually a myxochondroid stromal component. Adipocytes are found more rarely, and account for a minor part of the tumour. To date, only three cases of mixed tumour/pleomorphic adenoma of the salivary gland have been described, showing an extensive adipocyte content of more than 90% of the tumour tissue. Owing to this peculiarity, some authors have defined it as 'lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma'. We are not aware of previously reported similar lesions in the skin. OBJECTIVES: We report a case of a tumour that occurred as a 2 x 2 x 1.5 cm nodule in the scalp of a 65-year-old man. Analogies with salivary lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma, as well as histogenesis and differential diagnoses are discussed here. METHODS: A histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study was performed. RESULTS: The tumour was well-circumscribed and showed a substantial mature adipose tissue component intermingled with epithelial cells arranged in ducts and branching tubules, embedded in a fibromyxoid stroma, which was diagnostic of a chondroid syringoma/mixed tumour. Adipocytes strongly expressed S-100 protein and cytokeratin 14. Transitional elements from epithelial/myoepithelial cells into adipocytes were observed. They coexpressed cytokeratin 14, S-100 protein and vimentin, and showed lipid droplets, desmosome-type junctions, cytoplasmic tonofilaments and basal lamina. CONCLUSIONS: The tumour differed from lipomas with myxoid stroma and from lipoadenomas, which show non-proliferating normal sweat glands admixed with adipose tissue. Because of the similarity to lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma/mixed tumour of salivary glands, we suggest that it should be called 'lipomatous mixed tumour of the skin'.[1]


  1. Lipomatous mixed tumour of the skin: a histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study. Miracco, C., De Santi, M.M., Lalinga, A.V., Pellegrino, M., Schürfeld, K., Sbano, P., Miracco, F. Br. J. Dermatol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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