The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Extracellular ATP and UTP activate the protein kinase B/Akt cascade via the P2Y(2) purinoceptor in renal mesangial cells.

Extracellular nucleotides can activate a common purinoceptor mediating various cell responses. In this study we report that stimulation of rat mesangial cells with ATP and UTP leads to a rapid activation of the protein kinase B/Akt (PKB) pathway. Time-course studies reveal a rapid and transient phosphorylation of both Ser(473) and Thr(308) of PKB with a maximal effect after 5 min of stimulation. The response is concentration-dependent with a maximal effect at 30 microM of ATP and UTP. Western blot analysis of mesangial cells reveals the expression of the isoenzymes PKB-alpha and PKB-gamma, but not the PKB-beta. ATP and UTP also activate the upstream located PI 3-kinase-dependent kinase. Furthermore, the ATP- and UTP-induced PKB phosphorylation is abolished by two inhibitors of the PI 3-kinase. In addition, suramin, a putative P2Y(2) receptor antagonist, and pertussis toxin, an inhibitor of G(i)/G(o) activation, markedly block ATP- and UTP-induced PKB phosphorylation. A series of ATP and UTP analogues were tested for their ability to stimulate PKB phosphorylation. UTP, ATP and gamma-thio-ATP are the only compounds capable of activating PKB. Stress-induced apoptosis of mesangial cells is reduced by the stable ATP analogue, gamma-thio-ATP, and this inhibitory effect is reversed in the presence of LY 294002. In summary, these results demonstrate that extracellular nucleotides are able to activate the PI 3-kinase/PDK/PKB cascade via the P2Y(2)-receptor and a pertussis toxin-sensitive G(i) protein. Moreover, in mesangial cells this cascade may have an important role in the antiapoptotic response but not in the mitogenic or inflammatory response produced by extracellular nucleotides.[1]


  1. Extracellular ATP and UTP activate the protein kinase B/Akt cascade via the P2Y(2) purinoceptor in renal mesangial cells. Huwiler, A., Rölz, W., Dorsch, S., Ren, S., Pfeilschifter, J. Br. J. Pharmacol. (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities