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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Bismuth 213-labeled anti-CD45 radioimmunoconjugate to condition dogs for nonmyeloablative allogeneic marrow grafts.

To lower treatment-related mortality and toxicity of conventional marrow transplantation, a nonmyeloablative regimen using 200 cGy total-body irradiation (TBI) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) combined with cyclosporine (CSP) for postgrafting immunosuppression was developed. To circumvent possible toxic effects of external-beam gamma irradiation, strategies for targeted radiation therapy were investigated. We tested whether the short-lived (half-life, 46 minutes) alpha-emitter bismuth 213 ((213)Bi) conjugated to an anti-CD45 monoclonal antibody (mAb) could replace 200 cGy TBI and selectively target hematopoietic tissues in a canine model of nonmyeloablative DLA-identical marrow transplantation. Biodistribution studies using iodine 123-labeled anti-CD45 mAb showed uptake in blood, marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, and liver. In a dose-escalation study, 7 dogs treated with the (213)Bi-anti-CD45 conjugate ((213)Bi dose, 0.1-5.9 mCi/kg [3.7-218 MBq/kg]) without marrow grafts had no toxic effects other than a mild, reversible suppression of blood counts. On the basis of these studies, 3 dogs were treated with 0.5 mg/kg (213)Bi-labeled anti-CD45 mAb ((213)Bi doses, 3.6, 4.6, and 8.8 mCi/kg [133, 170, and 326 MBq/kg]) given in 6 injections 3 and 2 days before grafting of marrow from DLA-identical littermates. The dogs also received MMF (10 mg/kg subcutaneously twice daily the day of transplantation until day 27 afterward) and CSP (15 mg/kg orally twice daily the day before transplantation until 35 days afterward). The therapy was well tolerated except for transient elevations in levels of transaminases in 3 dogs, followed by, in one dog, ascites. All dogs had prompt engraftment and achieved stable mixed hematopoietic chimerism, with donor contributions ranging from 30% to 70% after more than 27 weeks of follow-up. These results will form the basis for additional studies in animals and later the design of clinical trials using (213)Bi as a nonmyeloablative conditioning regimen with minimal toxicity.[1]


  1. Bismuth 213-labeled anti-CD45 radioimmunoconjugate to condition dogs for nonmyeloablative allogeneic marrow grafts. Sandmaier, B.M., Bethge, W.A., Wilbur, D.S., Hamlin, D.K., Santos, E.B., Brechbiel, M.W., Fisher, D.R., Storb, R. Blood (2002) [Pubmed]
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