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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of the neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase significantly attenuates 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)) toxicity in vitro.

The possible protection against the toxicity of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)) afforded by inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and the antagonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor function, MK-801, was studied in a brain-slice superfusion system. Significant decreases in levels of dopamine and its metabolites 3,4-dihyroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid were observed following incubation of slices with 25 microM MPP(+). The activity of intracellular lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), a marker of cell viability, was also significantly decreased. These effects were attenuated by preincubation with I mM 7-nitroindazole (7NI), a selective inhibitor of the neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). In contrast, the nonspecific NOS inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine, also at 1 mM, had no effect on levels of dopamine metabolites but did show a small attenuation of the levels of dopamine. 7NI alone caused some increase in levels of dopamine and a decrease in the metabolite DOPAC, which is consistent with it also acting as an inhibitor of monoamine oxidase-B. MK-801 afforded no significant protection of aminergic cells, although changes in LDH activity suggested that there may have been some protection of non-aminergic neurons affected by this, relatively high concentration of MPP(+).[1]


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