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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Triamcinolone stimulates bFGF production and inhibits TGF-beta1 production by human dermal fibroblasts.

BACKGROUND: Triamcinolone acetonide has been shown to decrease both cellular proliferation and collagen production by dermal fibroblasts. An alteration of cytokine levels may mediate these effects. OBJECTIVE: To delineate the effect of triamcinolone acetonide on both cellular proliferation and the production of basic fibroblast growth factor ( bFGF) and transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) by human fibroblasts grown in a serum-free in vitro model. METHODS: Human normal and keloid dermal fibroblasts were propagated in a serum-free in vitro model with exposure to 0, 5, 10, or 20 microm triamcinolone acetonide for 0, 24, 72, or 96 hours. Cell counts were determined by phase contrast microscopy. Levels of bFGF and TGF-beta1 in the supernatants were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: In our study, 20 microm triamcinolone acetonide caused statistically significant increases in the peak levels of bFGF for normal and keloid fibroblast cell lines (P < 0.05). It also caused statistically significant decreases in the level of TGF-beta1 for normal and keloid fibroblast cell lines. For the keloid fibroblasts, 10 microm triamcinolone acetonide also caused a statistically significant decrease in the level of TGF-beta1. CONCLUSION: We conclude from these results that triamcinolone acetonide increases the production of bFGF and decreases production of TGF-beta1 by human dermal fibroblasts.[1]


  1. Triamcinolone stimulates bFGF production and inhibits TGF-beta1 production by human dermal fibroblasts. Carroll, L.A., Hanasono, M.M., Mikulec, A.A., Kita, M., Koch, R.J. Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]. (2002) [Pubmed]
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