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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nitric oxide-induced Cl- secretion in isolated rat colon is mediated by the release of thromboxane A2.

We have shown previously that thromboxane A2 (TXA2), which may be released by the anti-tumour drug irinotecan and by platelet-activating factor (PAF), causes Cl- secretion in the isolated rat colon. In the present study, the involvement of TXA2 in nitric oxide-induced Cl- secretion in isolated rat colon was investigated. In colonic mucosa set between Ussing chambers, the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP; 100 microM) caused Cl- secretion, an effect that was almost completely inhibited by the NO scavenger carboxy-PTIO at 200 microM. The SNP-induced Cl- secretion was inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner by the TXA2 receptor antagonist ONO-3708 (IC50 = 2 microM) and the TX synthase inhibitor Y-20811 (IC50 = 0.4 microM). SNP significantly increased the release of TXA2 (measured as TXB2 release) from the mucosa. The SNP-induced increases in Cl- secretion and TXA2 release were blocked by a NO-sensitive guanylate cyclase inhibitor (ODQ). Dibutyryl cGMP (500 microM) also induced Cl- secretion, which was sensitive to ONO-3708 (10 microM) and Y-20811 (1 microM), and increased the release of TXA2 from the mucosa. PAF-induced (10 microM) Cl- secretion was inhibited by carboxy-PTIO (200 microM) and ODQ (10 microM), whereas irinotecan-induced (500 microM) Cl- secretion was not significantly inhibited by these drugs. A stable TXA2 analogue (STA2) but not SNP (100 microM) changed the membrane potential of epithelial cells in isolated colonic crypts under the whole-cell current-clamp condition. These results indicate that PAF elicits the NO-cGMP pathway and then stimulates the release of TXA2, which is a stimulant of colonic Cl- secretion. In contrast, the NO-cGMP pathway is not involved in the TXA2-mediated Cl- secretion induced by irinotecan.[1]


  1. Nitric oxide-induced Cl- secretion in isolated rat colon is mediated by the release of thromboxane A2. Sakai, H., Suzuki, T., Murota, M., Takahashi, Y., Takeguchi, N. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (2002) [Pubmed]
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