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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

CD22 regulates early B cell development in BOB.1/OBF.1-deficient mice.

BOB.1/OBF.1 (also called OCA-B), a B lymphocyte-specific transcriptional coactivator, is recruited to octamer-containing promoters by interacting with the Oct-1 or Oct-2 proteins. BOB.1/OBF.1-deficient mice show impaired secondary immunoglobulin isotype secretion and complete absence of germinal centers. Furthermore, numbers of splenic B cells are reduced due to a developmental block at the transitional B cell stage in the bone marrow. We found that surface expression of CD22 is selectively increased on B lineage cells in the bone marrow of BOB.1/OBF.1-deficient mice. CD22 is known as a negative regulator of B cell receptor signaling. We therefore investigated whether defects in B cell development in the BOB.1/OBF.1-deficient mice might be due to CD22 up-regulation. Mice were generated lacking both genes. In BOB.1/OBF.1xCD22 double-deficient mice, numbers of transitional B cells in the bone marrow were normal. Consequently, double-deficient mice also had normal B to T cell ratios in the spleen. We show that BOB.1/OBF.1(-/-) B cells were incapable to induce BCR-triggered Ca(2+) mobilization. This Ca(2+)-signalling defect was restored in BOB.1/OBF.1xCD22 double-deficient B cells. Nevertheless, double-deficient animals were unable to mount humoral immune responses and to form germinal centers. Finally, we demonstrate that CD22(-/-) splenic B cells proliferate independently of BOB.1/OBF.1 upon stimulation with LPS. These studies suggest that the B cell differentiation defect observed in BOB.1/OBF.1(-/-) mice is BCR-signal dependent. However, the impairment in germinal center formation is caused by a different mechanism.[1]


  1. CD22 regulates early B cell development in BOB.1/OBF.1-deficient mice. Samardzic, T., Gerlach, J., Muller, K., Marinkovic, D., Hess, J., Nitschke, L., Wirth, T. Eur. J. Immunol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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