The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase as a chemoresistant pathway in MCF-7 cells by using gene expression microarray.

BACKGROUND: Components of the mitogen-activated protein kinase ( MAPK) cascade have been implicated in apoptotic regulation. This study used gene expression profiling analysis to identify and implicate mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK5)-BMK1 (big mitogen- activated kinase-1)/extracellular signal related protein kinase ( ERK5) pathway as a novel target involved in chemoresistance. METHODS: Differential gene expression between apoptotically sensitive (APO+) and apoptotically resistant (APO-) MCF-7 cell variants was determined by using microarray and confirmed by reverse transcriptase- polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). An apoptotic/viability reporter gene assay was used to deter-mine the effects of the transfection of a dominant-negative mutant of BMK1 (BMK1/DN) in conjunction with apoptotic-inducing agents (etoposide, tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF], or TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand [TRAIL]), with or without phorbol ester (PMA). RESULTS: Of the 1186 genes detected through microarray analysis, MEK5 was increased 22-fold in APO- cells. Overexpression of MEK5 was confirmed by using RT-PCR analysis. Expression of BMK1/DN alone resulted in a dose-dependent increase in cell death versus control (P <.05). In addition, BMK1/DN enhanced the sensitivity of MCF-7 cells to treatment-induced cell death (P <.05). The ability of PMA to partially suppress TRAIL- and TNF- induced cell death was inhibited by BMK1/DN. However, only TRAIL-induced activity suppression reached statistical significance (P <.05). CONCLUSIONS: The overexpression of MEK5 in APO- MCF-7 breast carcinoma cells shows that this MAPK signaling protein represents a potent survival molecule. Molecular inhibition of MEK5 signaling may represent a mechanism for sensitizing cancer cells to chemotherapeutic regimens.[1]


  1. Identification of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase as a chemoresistant pathway in MCF-7 cells by using gene expression microarray. Weldon, C.B., Scandurro, A.B., Rolfe, K.W., Clayton, J.L., Elliott, S., Butler, N.N., Melnik, L.I., Alam, J., McLachlan, J.A., Jaffe, B.M., Beckman, B.S., Burow, M.E. Surgery (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities