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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of specific glycoforms of major histocompatibility complex class I heavy chains suggests that class I peptide loading is an adaptation of the quality control pathway involving calreticulin and ERp57.

Glycosylation analysis was used to probe the sequence of events accompanying the binding of antigenic peptides to the major histocompatibility complex class I heavy chains. Free heavy chains were isolated from the beta(2)-microglobulin-negative cell line Daudi and from the B-lymphoblastoid cell line Raji. Heavy chains were also isolated from Raji cells in multimolecular complexes (peptide loading complexes) containing the transporter associated with antigen processing, tapasin and ERp57 with and without the lectin-like folding chaperone, calreticulin. Calreticulin is a soluble protein that recognizes primarily the terminal glucose of Glc(1)Man(7-9)GlcNAc(2) glycans. This paper shows that monoglucosylated glycoforms of heavy chain, which exist transiently in the endoplasmic reticulum in the initial stages of the glycosylation processing pathway, are present in the peptide loading complex. The data are consistent with a model in which the release of peptide-loaded major histocompatibility complex class I molecules from calreticulin, induced by deglucosylation of the heavy chain N-linked glycan, signals the dissociation of the complex. This is consistent with the hypothesis that the class I loading process is an adaptation of the quality control mechanism involving calreticulin and ERp57.[1]


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