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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

PPAR alpha stimulates the rat gastrin-producing cell.

The peroxisome proliferator (PP) ciprofibrate stimulates gastrin-producing cells (G-cells) in the rat stomach by an unknown mechanism, inducing hypergastrinemia and secondary enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell hyperplasia. Ciprofibrate is a specific ligand for the nuclear peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR alpha). To see whether the effects of ciprofibrate could be imitated, rats were given another PPAR alpha ligand WY-14643 or the PPAR gamma ligand troglitazone by gastric intubations daily for 28 and 56 days. Troglitazone failed to raise gastrin levels. WY-14643 increased gastrin mRNA abundance, G-cell density and induced hypergastrinemia, but to a lesser extent than ciprofibrate. ECL cell parameters increased in proportion with the relative hypergastrinemia. Ciprofibrate and WY-14643 altered the levels of acyl CoA-oxidase mRNA and PPAR alpha mRNA in antrum, but had no effect in corpus. The PPAR alpha receptor was found in at least some G-cells by immunostaining. This study supports the hypothesis that PPAR alpha specific ligands could stimulate the G-cells by acting locally from the stomach lumen through antral PPAR alpha.[1]


  1. PPAR alpha stimulates the rat gastrin-producing cell. Bakke, I., Hammer, T.A., Sandvik, A.K., Waldum, H.L. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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