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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

An external, oversized, porous polyester stent reduces vein graft neointima formation, cholesterol concentration, and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 expression in cholesterol-fed pigs.

BACKGROUND: Reducing neointima formation and atherosclerosis are key goals in preventing late vein graft failure. Although pharmacologic and mechanical solutions have been proposed, the demonstration that these influence both aspects of vein graft pathology have been lacking. Supporting grafts externally with an oversized, highly porous polyester stent dramatically reduces neointima formation in normocholesterolemic pigs. However, its effects in the presence of hypercholesterolemia are unknown. METHODS: We compared wall thickening, cholesterol concentration, foam-cell formation, and the expression of the leukocyte adhesion molecule vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 after 3 months in stented and unstented saphenous vein interposition grafts into the carotid arteries of pigs fed cholesterol to cause modest hypercholesterolemia (11.2 +/- 1.2 mmol/L). RESULTS: Stenting reduced neointima formation from 5.6 +/- 0.4 to 1.2 +/- 0.2 mm(2) (n = 7; P <.00002, paired t test) and graft cholesterol concentration from 4.7 +/- 1.2 to 2.1 +/- 1.3 mg/g wet weight (P <.02). Foam cells were observed in unstented grafts (mean, 1.5% +/- 0.5% of all cells) but never in stented grafts. Vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 was strongly expressed in 53% +/- 8% of intimal and medial cells in unstented grafts but was weakly expressed in only 19% +/- 3% (n = 4, P <.05) of stented grafts. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that external stenting with polyester favorably influences both neointima formation and early atherosclerosis, both of which are key aspects of vein graft disease, and that decreased expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 is part of the underlying mechanism.[1]


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