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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Eotaxin induces migration of RBL-2H3 mast cells via a Rac-ERK-dependent pathway.

Eotaxin is a potent chemokine that acts via CC chemokine receptor 3 (CCR3) to induce chemotaxis, mainly on eosinophils. Here we show that eotaxin also induces chemotactic migration in rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) mast cells. This effect was dose-dependently inhibited by compound X, a selective CCR3 antagonist, indicating that, as in eosinophils, the effect was mediated by CCR3. Eotaxin-induced cell migration was completely blocked in RBL-RacN17 cells expressing a dominant negative Rac1 mutant, suggesting a crucial role for Rac1 in eotaxin signaling to chemotactic migration. ERK activation also proved essential for eotaxin signaling and it too was absent in RBL-RacN17 cells. Finally, we found that activation of Rac and ERK was correlated with eotaxin-induced actin reorganization known to be necessary for cell motility. It thus appears that Rac1 acts upstream of ERK to signal chemotaxis in these cells, and that a Rac-ERK-dependent cascade mediates the eotaxin-induced chemotactic motility of RBL-2H3 mast cells.[1]


  1. Eotaxin induces migration of RBL-2H3 mast cells via a Rac-ERK-dependent pathway. Woo, C.H., Jeong, D.T., Yoon, S.B., Kim, K.S., Chung, I.Y., Saeki, T., Kim, J.H. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2002) [Pubmed]
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