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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Promoter hypermethylation of the death-associated protein kinase gene in breast cancer is associated with the invasive lobular subtype.

Expression of death-associated protein (DAP) kinase, a proapoptotic serine/threonine protein kinase, is frequently lost in human tumors. In a study of 134 primary breast cancer specimens hypermethylation of the DAP kinase gene was found in 13% of cases. A highly significant difference (P < 0.001) of DAP kinase inactivation was observed between invasive lobular cancer (n = 19) and invasive ductal cancer (n = 85; 53% versus 9%, respectively). Hypermethylation correlated with loss of RNA expression, estrogen receptor positivity (P < 0.01), and the absence of p53 overexpression (P < 0.01). In contrast to invasive lobular cancer, the in situ-growing precursor lesion lacked epigenetic modification of the DAP kinase promotor by aberrant methylation indicating a potential role in tumor progression. Unlike the DAP kinase gene, hypermethylation of the cyclin D2 and RASSF1A genes did not correlate with a particular histological subtype or to invasiveness [corrected]. We conclude that different histological subtypes of breast cancer may not only differ concerning specific chromosomal abnormalities and DNA mutations but also with regard to epigenetic inactivation patterns.[1]


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