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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A comprehensive study on hemostasis in CAPD patients treated with erythropoietin.

OBJECTIVE: Bleeding diathesis and simultaneous thrombotic complications may be seen in dialyzed patients. Erythropoietin (EPO) may shift the precarious balance of the hemostatic system toward thrombosis. Platelets and tissue factor (TF) play a major role in plug formation. Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) appears to play a primary role in regulating TF-induced coagulation. Thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is a key protein linking coagulation and fibrinolysis.The aim of the study was to assess whether 6 months of EPO therapy affects platelet function, that is, platelet aggregation and P-selectin level; moieties of the extrinsic coagulation pathway: TF, TFPI, and TFPI/Xa complexes, and factors VII and X; markers of ongoing coagulation: thrombin-antithrombin complexes (TAT) and prothrombin fragments 1+2; a marker of ongoing fibrinolysis: plasmin-antiplasmin complexes (PAP); fibrinolytic activity: euglobulin clot lysis time (ECLT); and markers of endothelial cell injury: von Willebrand factor, thrombomodulin, E-selectin, and TAFI, in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 22 patients on CAPD were given EPO 6,000 U/week. 12 patients with chronic renal failure and 12 healthy volunteers served as control groups. All parameters were studied before, and after 1, 3, and 6 months of EPO therapy. SETTING: Department of Nephrology and Internal Medicine, Medical Academy of Bialystok, Poland. RESULTS: Platelet aggregation in whole blood did not change significantly during EPO treatment. A significant rise in arachidonic acid-induced platelet aggregation in platelet-rich plasma was observed after 3 and 6 months, and in collagen-induced platelet aggregation after 6 months of EPO therapy, compared to the baseline values. The TFPI concentration decreased significantly after 6 months of EPO therapy. The activity of factor VII increased transiently after 1 month of EPO therapy, compared to the baseline values. The TAFI concentration and activity in the CAPD group were significantly higher than in the control group. Erythropoietin therapy resulted in a significant decrease in TAFI concentration and activity after 6 months of EPO treatment. The ECLT was shortened significantly as early as after 1 month of EPO therapy. Thrombomodulin, von Willebrand factor concentration and activity, PAP, TAT, TFPI/Xa complexes, prothrombin fragments 1+2, factor X activity, P-selectin, E-selectin, and lipoprotein(a) did not change significantly during EPO treatment. CONCLUSION: Erythropoietin treatment has a minimal effect on hemostasis in CAPD patients. A tendency toward a decline in TAFI is of unknown clinical relevance so far, and awaits further research.[1]


  1. A comprehensive study on hemostasis in CAPD patients treated with erythropoietin. Malyszko, J., Suchowierska, E., Malyszko, J.S., Mysliwiec, M. Peritoneal dialysis international : journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis. (2002) [Pubmed]
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