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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Chemoradiation of cervical cancer cells: targeting human papillomavirus E6 and p53 leads to either augmented or attenuated apoptosis depending on the platinum carrier ligand.

Recent clinical trials comparing concurrent chemotherapy and radiation with radiation alone in cervical cancer have shown that chemoradiation reduces the risk of death by 30-50%. Despite the clinical success, treatment responses at the cellular level are still inadequately explored. A key event in cervical carcinogenesis is the disruption of p53 tumor suppressor pathway by human papillomavirus (HPV) E6 oncogene. We found that regardless of the HPV type in SiHa (HPV 16+) CaSki (HPV 16+), HeLa (HPV 18+), and UT-DEC-1 (HPV 33+) cell lines, cisplatin, carboplatin, and a novel platinum compound, oxaliplatin, activated a p53 reporter and reduced the HPV E6 mRNA. Carboplatin and oxaliplatin treatment led also to stabilization of p53, whereas none of the platinums changed p73 levels. After irradiation (IR) alone, a decrease in HPV E6 mRNA levels and an activation of the p53-reporter were detected in SiHa, CaSki, and HeLa cells, but not in UT-DEC-1 cells. Concomitant platinum treatment and IR led to poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage as a sign of caspase-3 activation and apoptosis. Clonogenic survival was enhanced by expressing a dominant negative p53 or ectopic HPV16 E6 in SiHa and HeLa cells treated with IR, carboplatin, or oxaliplatin or with a combination of IR + carboplatin or oxaliplatin. In contrast, dominant negative p53 or ectopic HPV 16 E6 sensitized the cells to cisplatin. Pt chemotherapeutics and radiation had a synergistic cytotoxic effect as determined by Bliss independence criterion. Taken together, p53 has a significant role in the cellular response to chemoradiation treatment in cervical cancer cell lines, but p53 activity may have a dramatically different effect on cell survival depending on the platinum carrier ligand.[1]


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