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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Insulin-like growth factor-I antagonizes the antiproliferative effects of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors on BxPC-3 pancreatic cancer cells.

Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors demonstrate modest antineoplastic activity in experimental models of human malignancies, but little is known about factors that may confer resistance to their antiproliferative actions. We observed that fetal bovine serum antagonizes growth inhibition and G(1) arrest induced by two COX-2 inhibitors (NS-398 and celecoxib) on BxPC-3 pancreatic cancer cells. We investigated the hypothesis that insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), a major survival factor present in serum, mediates these effects. Treatment of BxPC-3 cells with 25 micro M celecoxib in 1% fetal bovine serum-containing medium for 48 h resulted in a approximately 40% decrease in cell viability. Coincubation of BxPC-3 cells with 25 micro M celecoxib and 50 ng/ml IGF-I resulted in complete attenuation of the celecoxib-associated decrease in cell viability. Cell cycle analysis revealed that this IGF-I-induced increase in cell viability was correlated with an IGF-I-induced inhibition of celecoxib-mediated G(1) arrest. Similar results were observed when another COX-2 inhibitor (50 micro M NS-398) was used. When IGF-binding protein-3 (an inhibitor of IGF-I bioactivity) was added in combination with 25 micro M celecoxib, enhanced growth inhibition was observed (approximately 60% decrease in cell viability). Treatment of BxPC-3 cells with a higher dose (50 micro M) of celecoxib for 24 h resulted in the induction of apoptosis, as assayed by flow cytometry and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage. Addition of 50 ng/ml IGF-I resulted in a complete attenuation of celecoxib-induced apoptosis. The protection from celecoxib-induced apoptosis by IGF-I correlated with an increase in the levels of the activated antiapoptotic protein Akt. These results suggest that alterations of IGF-I levels or IGF-I receptor signal transduction modulate the antineoplastic actions of COX-2 inhibitors.[1]


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