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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lipid rafts/caveolae are essential for insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor signaling during 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation induction.

Lipid rafts/caveolae are found to be essential for insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 receptor signaling during 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation induction. In 3T3-L1 cells, IGF-1 receptor is located in lipid rafts/caveolae of the plasma membrane and can directly interact with caveolin-1, the major protein component in caveolae. Disruption of lipid rafts/caveolae by depleting cellular cholesterol with cholesterol-binding reagent, beta-methylcyclodextrin or filipin, blocks the IGF-1 receptor signaling in 3T3-L1 preadipocyte. Both hormonal induced adipocyte differentiation and mitotic clonal expansion are inhibited by lipid rafts/caveolae disruption. However, a nonspecific lipid binding reagent, xylazine, does not affect adipocyte differentiation or mitotic clonal expansion. Further studies indicate that lipid rafts/caveolae are required only for IGF-1 receptor downstream signaling and not the activation of receptor itself by ligand. Thus, our results suggest that localization in lipid rafts/caveolae and association with caveolin enable IGF-1 receptor to have a close contact with downstream signal molecules recruited into lipid rafts/caveolae and transmit the signal through these signal molecule complexes.[1]


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