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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The thrombin-like enzyme from Bothrops atrox snake venom. Properties of the enzyme purified by affinity chromatography on p-aminobenzamidine-substituted agarose.

The trhombin-like activities from the snake venoms of two subspecies of Bothrops atrox, moojeni (type I) and marajoensis (type II), were purified to homogeneity by affinity chromatography on a support consisting of the inhibitor, p-aminobenzamidine, linked to Sepharose 4B with a spacer of diaminodipropylaminosuccinate. At room temperature the enzyme was not bound to the affinity support but rather was retarded in relation to the unbound protein. As a result the thrombin-like activity eluted in a large volume following the main protein fraction. However, at 4 degrees the enzyme was absorbed to the affinity support and could be eluted specifically with the ligand benzamidine (0.15 M). Optimal conditions for column loading and washing were 0.05 M Tris.HCl/0.4 M NaCl, pH 9.0 at 4 degrees. The type I enzyme isolated in this manner showed a single major band on pH 8.9 disc gel electrophoresis as well as two minor bands. Further purification by isoelectric focusing yielded one major and two minor components. All three protein fractions had identical thrombin-like activities and amino acid composition. The major band had a specific activity of 210 to 230 NIH thrombin units/mg, a S20, w of 2.65 S, a molecular weight of 29,000, and an E1% 280 of 15. 6. This protein has a carbohydrate content, measured as hexose, glucosamine, and sialic acid, of 27%. From the amino acid and carbohydrate composition a partial specific volume of 0.700 ml/g was calculated. The type I enzyme, purified on affinity chromatography only, did not activate Factor XIII and was free of thromboplastin-like activity. The type II enzyme behaved very differently from the type I on pH 8.9 polyacrylamide disc gels yielding two major bands and two minor bands. The relative amounts of these four bands were not a function of purity. The type II enzyme had a specific activity of 650 to 700 NIH thrombin units/mg, a S20, w of 2.60, and a molecular weight of 31,400.[1]


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