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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Assessment of the stannous fluoride and phytic acid effect in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevislae.

Stannous fluoride (SnF2) is a powerful reducing agent in 99mTc-labelled radiopharmaceuticals for nuclear medicine procedures. SnF2 may enhance reactive oxidative species (ROS) in prokaryotic cells. Phytic acid (PA) is a wide-ranging regulator of many important cellular functions such as intracellular regulations of surface receptions channels and it is known to have antioxidant and chelating properties. In order to analyze whether membrane transporters of the facilitator or the ABC type (SNQ1 and SNQ2) have an influence on Sn2+ toxicity in yeast we used the respective mutants and compared their responses to the wild type (WT). Since ABC transporters are YAP1p transcription activator inducible, we included a yap1 mutant in our Sn2+ toxicity assay. Finally, we tested the PA influence on Sn2+ toxicity in these strains. Yeast cells in stationary growth phase were exposed to different concentrations of SnF2 (ranging from 2 to 6 mg/ml) and PA (0.1 M) for one hour. The snq1 mutant exhibited the highest sensitivity to SnF2 while the snq2 and snq3/yap1 mutants had an equally intermediate sensitivity. The presence of PA was not able to produce a significant protection against the cytotoxicity of SnF2. This is probably due to its reduced chelating power in complex liquid media Our results with yeast support the genotoxic effects described for SnF2 in bacteria andindicate that the biological effect of this reducing agent could be related to the generation of reactive oxygen species.[1]


  1. Assessment of the stannous fluoride and phytic acid effect in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevislae. Lima-Filho, G.L., Pungartnik, C., Catanho, M.T., Bernardo-Filho, M. Cell. Mol. Biol. (Noisy-le-grand) (2002) [Pubmed]
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