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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular dissection of human methionine synthase reductase: determination of the flavin redox potentials in full-length enzyme and isolated flavin-binding domains.

Human methionine synthase reductase (MSR) catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reductive methylation of methionine synthase. MSR is 78 kDa flavoprotein belonging to a family of diflavin reductases, with cytochrome P450 reductase ( CPR) as the prototype. MSR and its individual flavin- binding domains were cloned as GST-tagged fusion proteins for expression and purification from Escherichia coli. The isolated flavin domains of MSR retain UV-visible and secondary structural properties indicative of correctly folded flavoproteins. Anaerobic redox titrations on the individual domains assisted in assignment of the midpoint potentials for the high- and low-potential flavin. For the isolated FMN domain, the midpoint potentials for the oxidized/semiquinone (ox/sq) couple and semiquinone/hydroquinone (sq/hq) couple are -112 and -221 mV, respectively, at pH 7.0 and 25 degrees C. The corresponding couples in the isolated FAD domain are -222 mV (ox/sq) and -288 mV (sq/hq). Both flavins form blue neutral semiquinone species characterized by broad absorption peaks in the long-wavelength region during anaerobic titration with sodium dithionite. In full-length MSR, the values of the FMN couples are -109 mV (ox/sq) and -227 mV (sq/hq), and the corresponding couple values for FAD are -254 mV (ox/sq) and -291 mV (sq/hq). Separation of the MSR flavins does not perturb their thermodynamic properties, as midpoint potentials for all four couples are similar in isolated domains and in full-length MSR. The redox properties of MSR are discussed in relation to other members of the diflavin oxidoreductase family and the mechanism of electron transfer.[1]


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