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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Impairment of interferon-induced IRF-7 gene expression due to inhibition of ISGF3 formation by trichostatin A.

Two members of the signal transducer and activator of transcription family, STAT1 and STAT2, form, together with interferon regulatory factor 9 (IRF-9), the ISGF3 complex that activates the expression of the interferon-stimulated genes (ISG). The ISGF3 complex also participates in the virus-induced alpha/beta interferon (IFN-alpha/beta) gene amplification cascade by up-regulating IRF-7 gene expression. Here, we show that treatment of cells with trichostatin A (TSA), a deacetylase inhibitor, inhibits the virus-induced activation of IFN-alpha/beta promoters and dramatically reduces the ability of different ISG promoters to respond to IFN stimulation. Impairment of IFN-alpha/beta and ISG expression by TSA in infected cells is due to the blockage of interferon-stimulated ISGF3 complex formation, which leads to the abolition of IRF-7 gene expression. We also show that the TSA-dependent inhibition of ISGF3 is related to impaired nuclear accumulation of STAT2. Our data suggest that an acetylation/deacetylation mechanism participates in the regulation of cellular distribution and function of STAT2 in IFN-alpha/beta signaling.[1]


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