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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cellular antiendotoxin activities of lung surfactant protein C in lipid vesicles.

The respiratory system is continuously exposed to airborne particles containing lipopolysaccharide. Our laboratory established previously that the hydrophobic surfactant protein C (SP-C) binds to lipopolysaccharide and to one of its cellular receptors, CD14. Here we examined the influence of SP-C, and of a synthetic analog, on some cellular in vitro effects of lipopolysaccharide. When associated with vesicles of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine, SP-C inhibits the binding of a tritium-labeled lipopolysaccharide to the macrophage cell line RAW 264. 7. Under similar conditions of presentation, SP-C inhibits the mitogenic effect of lipopolysaccharide on mouse splenocytes, and inhibits the lipopolysaccharide-induced production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha by peritoneal and alveolar macrophages, and of nitric oxide by RAW 264.7 cells. In contrast, tumor necrosis factor-alpha production induced by a lipopeptide, and nitric oxide production induced by picolinic acid, were not affected by SP-C. The lipopolysaccharide-binding capacity of SP-C is resistant to peroxynitrite, a known mediator of acute lung injury formed by reaction of nitric oxide with superoxide anions. These results indicate that SP-C may play a role in lung defense; SP-C resists degradation under inflammatory conditions and traps lipopolysaccharide, preventing it from inducing production of noxious mediators in alveolar cells.[1]


  1. Cellular antiendotoxin activities of lung surfactant protein C in lipid vesicles. Augusto, L.A., Synguelakis, M., Espinassous, Q., Lepoivre, M., Johansson, J., Chaby, R. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (2003) [Pubmed]
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