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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The response of adult rat sertoli cells, immortalized by a temperature-sensitive mutant of SV40, to 1,2-dinitrobenzene, 1,3-dinitrobenzene, 2,4-dinitrotoluene, 3,4-dinitrotoluene, and cadmium.

In this study we test the hypothesis that immortalized adult rat Sertoli cells respond to known testicular toxins in a similar manner to Sertoli cells tested in vivo and in primary culture. This cell line was developed by immortalizing adult rat Sertoli cells with the temperature-sensitive mutant of SV40, ts255, such that the cells proliferate at the permissive temperature of 33 degrees C but express differentiated characteristics at the nonpermissive temperature of 40 degrees C. Confluent monolayers, grown at 33 degrees C or 40 degrees C, were exposed to a range of concentrations of dinitrobenzene (DNB) or dinitrotoluene (DNT) isomers or to cadmium chloride. Cellular response was assessed by neutral-red cell viability assay and ultrastructural changes. Cells grown at 40 degrees C were sensitive to lower concentrations of each toxicant than were cells grown at 33 degrees C. 1,2-DNB was more toxic than 1,3-DNB, and 3,4-DNT was more toxic than 2,4-DNT, as judged by the neutral-red cell viability assay. Ultrastructurally, cells treated with 1,2-DNB or 2,4-DNT showed increased numbers of autophagic vesicles compared to controls. Intercellular penetration of ruthenium red demonstrated breached tight junctions in 1,2-DNB and cadmium-treated cells. From these observations, we conclude that this cell line can serve as a model for studying toxic mechanisms in adult Sertoli cells.[1]


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