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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Congenital blepharoptosis: Part II. Visual disorders coexisting with congenital blepharoptosis.

A retrospective ophthalmic analysis 44 of 118 patients with congenital blepharoptosis aged from 2 to 48, who underwent surgical correction at the Department of Plastic Surgery of Lódź between 1977 and 2001, was reviewed. Patients with congenital blepharoptosis were investigated by ophthalmologists in the pre and postoperative period, and their medical ophthalmological notes were also analysed. The aim of this study was to assess the presence, type, and severity of visual disorders coexisting with ptosis. We found in 42 patients (95%) ophthalmologic disorders, of which we noted amblyopia in 19, astigmatism in 30, anisometropia in 5, and strabismus in 30 cases.[1]


  1. Congenital blepharoptosis: Part II. Visual disorders coexisting with congenital blepharoptosis. Broniarczyk-Loba, A., Iljin, A., Nowakowska, O., Zieliñski, A., Omulecki, W. Acta chirurgiae plasticae. (2003) [Pubmed]
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