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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ifosfamide impairs the allostimulatory capacity of human dendritic cells by intracellular glutathione depletion.

Ifosfamide, a clinically potent chemotherapeutic agent, causes the depletion of intracellular glutathione (GSH) levels in various cell types. GSH is the major intracellular reductant against oxidative stress. 4-Hydroxyifosfamide (4-OH-IF), the activated form of ifosfamide, depletes GSH levels in T cells and natural killer (NK) cells; this is accompanied by a decrease in T-cell and NK-cell function. Here we demonstrate for the first time that human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) express higher constitutive levels of GSH and are less sensitive to 4-OH-IF-induced GSH depletion than T cells and NK cells. Treatment of DCs with 4-OH-IF significantly reduced their ability to stimulate allogeneic T-cell proliferation and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production. Ifosfamide also decreased DC interleukin-12p70 (IL-12p70) production after stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and IFN-gamma. The decrease in allostimulatory capacity and in IFN-gamma and IL-12 production correlated with a decrease in intracellular GSH in the DCs. The responses could be restored by reconstituting DC GSH levels with glutathione monoethyl ester (GSH-OEt). 4-OH-IF had no inhibitory effect on the ability of DCs to present exogenously added tyrosinase peptide to tyrosinase-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). These studies suggest that in cancer patients treated with ifosfamide, protection strategies based on glutathione reconstitution may enhance DC function.[1]


  1. Ifosfamide impairs the allostimulatory capacity of human dendritic cells by intracellular glutathione depletion. Kuppner, M.C., Scharner, A., Milani, V., Von Hesler, C., Tschop, K.E., Heinz, O., Issels, R.D. Blood (2003) [Pubmed]
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