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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN), an antimicrobial protein with chemotactic activities for dendritic cells.

Recent publications have highlighted the chemotactic activities of antimicrobial proteins derived from the granules of neutrophils and basophils. Eosinophil granules also contain antimicrobial proteins. One of them is eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN), a protein belonging to the ribonuclease A (RNase A) superfamily, which has recently been found to have antiviral activity in vitro. We found that EDN was selectively chemotactic for dendritic cells (DCs). The DC chemotactic activity of EDN was inhibited by either pretreatment of DCs with pertussis toxin or by simultaneous addition of placental RNase inhibitor to inhibit the activity of EDN. EDN was not chemotactic for leukocytes other than DCs. Mouse eosinophil-associated RNase 2 (mEAR2), one of a cluster of divergent orthologs of human EDN, was also chemotactic for human as well as mouse DCs. Sequence and mutational analysis demonstrated the importance of the N-terminal region of mEAR2 in mediating its chemotactic effect on DCs. EDN also induced the activation of p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase ( MAPK) in DCs. Furthermore, injection of mEAR2 into the air pouches of mice resulted in the recruitment of DCs into the air pouches. Thus, EDN and its mouse ortholog, mEAR2, are eosinophil granule-derived antimicrobial RNases that function as chemoattractants for DCs in vitro and in vivo.[1]


  1. Eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN), an antimicrobial protein with chemotactic activities for dendritic cells. Yang, D., Rosenberg, H.F., Chen, Q., Dyer, K.D., Kurosaka, K., Oppenheim, J.J. Blood (2003) [Pubmed]
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