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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Physiological Ca2+ level and Ca2+-induced Permeability Transition Pore control protein phosphorylation in rat brain mitochondria.

Phosphorylation of several low molecular mass proteins (3.5, 17, 23 and 29kDa) was observed in rat brain mitochondria (RBM) at ATP concentration close to that in the mitochondrial matrix. Furthermore, regulatory effects of Ca2+ on phosphorylation of these proteins were investigated. Protein phosphorylation was found to be modulated by Ca2+ in the physiological concentration range (10(-8) to 10(-6)M free Ca2+). Incorporation of 32P from [gamma-32P]ATP into the 17kDa protein was dramatically increased within the 10(-7) to 10(-6)M free Ca2+ range, whereas an opposite effect was observed for the 3.5kDa polypeptide. Strong de-phosphorylation of the 3.5kDa polypeptide and enhanced 32P-incorporation into the 17 and 23kDa proteins were found with supra-threshold Ca2+ loads and these effects were eliminated or reduced in the presence of cyclosporin A, an inhibitor of Permeability Transition Pore (PTP) opening. In the presence of calmidazolium (Cmz), a calmodulin antagonist, enhanced levels of phosphorylation of the 17 and 3.5kDa polypeptides were observed and the 17kDa protein phosphorylation was suppressed by H-8, a protein kinase A inhibitor. It is concluded that Ca2+ in physiological concentrations, as a second messenger, can control phosphorylation of the low molecular mass phospoproteins in RBM, in addition to well known regulation of some Krebs cycle dehydrogenases by Ca2+. The protein phosphorylation was strongly dependent on the Ca2+-induced PTP opening.[1]


  1. Physiological Ca2+ level and Ca2+-induced Permeability Transition Pore control protein phosphorylation in rat brain mitochondria. Azarashvili, T., Krestinina, O., Odinokova, I., Evtodienko, Y., Reiser, G. Cell Calcium (2003) [Pubmed]
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